Efficient Instance Retrieval of Subgoals for Subsumptive Tabled Evaluation of Logic Programs

Flávio Cruz and Ricardo Rocha

July 2011


Tabled evaluation is an implementation technique that solves some problems of traditional Prolog systems in dealing with recursion and redundant computations. Most tabling engines determine if a tabled subgoal will produce or consume answers by using variant checks. A more refined method, named call subsumption, considers that a subgoal A will consume from a subgoal B if A is subsumed by (an instance of) B, thus allowing greater answer reuse. We recently developed an extension, called Retroactive Call Subsumption, that improves upon call subsumption by supporting bidirectional sharing of answers between subsumed/subsuming subgoals. In this paper, we present both an algorithm and an extension to the table space data structures to efficiently implement instance retrieval of subgoals for subsumptive tabled evaluation of logic programs. Experiments results using the YapTab tabling system show that our implementation performs quite well on some complex benchmarks and is robust enough to handle a large number of subgoals without performance degradation.


  author =    {F. Cruz and R. Rocha},
  title =     {{Efficient Instance Retrieval of Subgoals for Subsumptive Tabled Evaluation of Logic Programs}},
  journal =   {Journal of Theory and Practice of Logic Programming,
               27th International Conference on Logic Programming (ICLP 2011), Special Issue},
  pages =     {697--712},
  volume =    {11},
  number =    {4 \& 5},
  month =     {July},
  year =      {2011},

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Cambridge University Press
Computing Research Repository (CoRR)